Brachycephalus dog - what the owner needs to know
Who are they brachycephalic dogs? Brachycephalus is a breed of dog with a flattened, shortened muzzle. Due to their unusual appearance (large eyes, snub nose), these breeds are extremely popular. But the owners of such dogs should not forget that health problems can be the price of such an appearance. This means that the owners require special care and attention.
A typical brachycephalus dog is a pug
What dog breeds are brachycephalic?
To brachycephalus include such dog breeds as:
- Shih Tzu
- Griffons (Brussels and Belgian),
- Lhasa Apso,
- Japanese hins
- Great Dane,
- Pomeranian Spitz
Why do brachycephalic dogs have health problems?
Alas, anomalies in the structure of bone tissue and an excessive amount of soft tissue of the head have become a reckoning for the original appearance. This causes numerous health problems in brachycephalic dogs.
The most common problems of brachycephalic dogs - This is the growth of the soft palate and the narrowing of the nostrils - the so-called brachycephalic syndrome. If the airways are not narrowed very much, the owner may not even notice the poor health of the dog. However, in one not very pleasant moment, the dog may lose consciousness “from nerves” or “from overheating” or suffocate from “ordinary laryngitis”.
Brachycephalic dogs (particularly French bulldogs) often have health problems.
Can brachycephalic syndrome be cured?
It is possible using plastic surgery. The operation is an expansion of the lumen of the nostrils, as well as the removal of excess tissue of the soft palate.
Planned correction is recommended for dogs under 3 years of age. In this case, there is a chance to stop the development of the disease or prevent it.
If your dog is more than 3 years old, it may also have other abnormalities in the structure of the head, as a result of which “cutting” the folds of the larynx with the displacement of the arytenoid cartilage with hemming is added to the standard operation.
Rules for the owner of a brachycephalus dog
- Be sure to annually contact the dog in a veterinary clinic for medical examination. This will help in time to identify the beginnings of dangerous changes. The examination will most often include, in addition to external examination, listening to the lungs and heart, ultrasound of the heart, X-ray, if necessary - examination of the larynx (laryngoscopy).
- Walk the brachycephalus dog in a harness, not in a collar. The harness evenly distributes pressure and load.
- If you notice the slightest change in the behavior of the dog or she began to make some new sounds, consult your veterinarian as soon as possible.
In the photo: Another typical representative of brachycephalus dogs is the dogue de Bordeaux
The life of brachycephalic dogs is not easy and full of trials. Therefore, the task of the owners is to make it as easy and comfortable as possible.