How to care for horse hooves? How to untie and clear a horse?
The saying goes: "Without a hoof there is no horse." Therefore, hooves must be properly looked after. How to care for a horse’s hooves?
In the photo: horse hooves. Photo: pixabay.com
How to unleash a horse's hooves?
It is believed that hooves should be loosened (remove soil particles from them) immediately when you pick up a horse from levada to a stall or after each riding session. Is it really necessary?
Horses that live in near-natural conditions tend to have healthier hooves than horses, whose lives mostly go to the stables and riding hall. They rarely have too dry or brittle hoofed horn and less often the arrow rots.
The fact is that horses that live in the most natural conditions have the ability to move on different types of soil. Moreover, climatic conditions, as a rule, do not change sharply, but gradually. This allows you to maintain an approximately constant balance of fluid, which is contained in the arrow, sole and foot wall. Moreover, through the tissue of the arrow containing about 40% moisture, the fluid moves to the hoof wall and sole, the moisture in which is much less (about 15%).
But if a horse, for example, comes from a levada with moist soil to a stall filled with dry sawdust and is immediately untwisted, the moisture migrates to sawdust, which is famous for drying the hoofed horn. And the dryness of the hoofed horn is the cause of its crumbling and splitting. And if this happens regularly, a problem arises.
Some use ointments to cope with the excessive dryness of the hoofed horn. However, the most effective way to moisten the hoofed horn is water. So hooves can, for example, be washed with water from a hose.
Moisture levels can be maintained if hooves are not loosened immediately after the horse comes to the stall. Of course, if they are filled only with moist dirt without the admixture of small stones or, especially, objects that can injure hooves. In this case, sawdust will absorb, first of all, moisture from dirt, and not from hooves.
The arrowhead of the hoof should be slightly longer than the hoof wall in order to contact the ground. This helps to stimulate blood circulation.
If the temperature and humidity of the hoof changes dramatically, putrefactive bacteria can multiply. Therefore, in order for the arrow to be healthy, dead tissue, which can serve as a "home" for such bacteria, must be removed.
When do you need to clear a horse?
An important part of proper hoof care is timely cleaning. And if almost anyone can unscrew a horse, then clearing requires special knowledge and skills. As a rule, a specialist is invited to clear - they call him a hammer (or trimmer). A horse needs to be cleaned on average 1 time in 4-6 weeks, but there are times when more frequent clearing is necessary. This allows you to maintain hooves in a healthy condition and maintain balance.
In the photo: clearing the hooves of a horse. Photo: pxhere.com